Traumatic Brain Injury and Hyperbarics

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability and death worldwide. According to the CDC, 138 people are affected by TBI every day and these injuries contribute to approximately 30% of all injury deaths in the U.S. In 2010, about 2.5 million TBI related hospitalizations were recorded in the U.S. alone. Hyperbaric Oxygen therapy (HBOT) in conjunction with intensive rehabilitation has been demonstrated to enhance the recovery from TBI and augment brain activity by reducing hypoxia and neuroinflammation while increasing circulation in the brain. Clinical studies have demonstrated the benefits of HBOT for TBI with the following:

Enhance Neurological Repair and Regeneration with HBOT

  • Attenuates the Effects of Hypoxia and Inflammation in the Brain
  • Promotes Neurogenesis
  • Moderates Mitochondrial Disorders
  • Enhances Stem Cell Mobilization and
    Proliferation
  • Increases Penumbra Tissue Recovery
  • Stimulates Neuroplasticity
  • Induces Remyelination
  • Augments Concussion Recovery

Improve Overall Function with HBOT

  • Advances Cognitive Function
  • Improves Gross/Fine Motor Skills
  • Enhances Speech and Language
  • Alleviates Spasticity
  • Lessens Frequency of Seizures
  • Stimulates Better Eye Contact
  • Improves Balance and Walking

Source: International Hyperbarics Association

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Study: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health issue. The complexity of TBI has precluded the use of effective therapies. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been shown to be neuroprotective in multiple neurological disorders, but its efficacy in the management of TBI remains controversial. This review focuses on HBOT applications within the context of experimental and clinical TBI. We also discuss its potential neuroprotective mechanisms. Early or delayed multiple sessions of low atmospheric pressure HBOT can reduce intracranial pressure, improve mortality, as well as promote neurobehavioral recovery. The complimentary, synergistic actions of HBOT include improved tissue oxygenation and cellular metabolism, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Thus HBOT may serve as a promising neuroprotective strategy that when combined with other therapeutic targets for TBI patients which could improve long-term outcomes.

Read “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury.”